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Use of organocatalysts in stereoselective organic synthesis

Capitta, Francesca (2012) Use of organocatalysts in stereoselective organic synthesis. [Doctoral Thesis]



The main topic of thesis is the use of organocatalysis to synthesize cyclobutanones derivatives. Cyclobutanone derivatives are useful molecular building blocks for the construction of complex molecular structures. Surprisingly, however, the use of organocatalysts to functionalize cyclobutanones is rare, especially when the substrate bears substituents. In this thesis, we present four enantioselective transformations of substituted cyclobutanones which employ readily-available amino acids (or derivatives) and thiourea derivatives as organocatalysts. - The first transformation involves enantioselective aldol reaction between 2-hydroxy-cyclobutanone with a selection of aromatic aldehyde. The results show that the 2-hydroxycyclobutanone is particularly amenable to solvent-free L-threonine-catalyzed direct aldol reactions with reasonable stereocontrol. - After, we synthesized 2,3-disubstituted cyclobutanones through direct aldol reactions involving 3-substituted cyclobutanones and aryl aldehydes catalyzed by N-phenylsulfonyl (S)-proline and via asymmetric nitro-Michael reaction of 3-substituted cyclobutanones and several nitrostyrenes catalyzed by thiourea derivatives. In the first case the relative aldol products were obtained with an unprecedented control of all three contiguous stereocenters in the latter the relatives γ-nitro cyclobutanones were obtained in good yield but in modest enantioselectivity. - The last case concerns the conversion of 3-substituted cyclobutanones into 4-substituted-5-hydroxy-γ-lactam using L-proline-based catalysts. This reaction involves a ring-expanding O-nitroso-aldol–cyclization domino sequence. The synthetic protocol provides access to the five-membered ring system in good yield, and the formation of two new stereogenic centers is achieved with complete stereochemical control.

Item Type:Doctoral Thesis
Date:01 April 2012
Tutor:Piras, Pier Paolo, Ollivier, Jean
PhD classes:Ciclo 24 > Scienze e tecnologie chimiche
Coordinator:Casu, Mariano
Institution:Universita' degli Studi di Cagliari
Divisions:Dipartimenti (fino a dicembre 2011) > Dipartimento di Scienze chimiche
Subjects:Area 03 - Scienze chimiche > CHIM/06 Chimica organica
Uncontrolled Keywords:Organocatalisi, ciclobutanoni, desimmetrizzazione, enantioselettiva, organocatalysis, cyclobutanones, enantioselective desymmetrization
ID Code:764
Deposited On:03 Apr 2012 08:44

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