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Identificazione e caratterizzazione del gene coinvolto nella Sindrome di Crisponi

Meloni, Alessandra (2007) Identificazione e caratterizzazione del gene coinvolto nella Sindrome di Crisponi. [Doctoral Thesis]

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Abstract

Crisponi syndrome is a severe autosomal recessive condition, phenotypically characterized by abnormal, paroxysmal muscular contractions resembling neonatal tetanus, large face, broad nose, anteverted nares,camptodactyly, hyperthermia and sudden death in most cases. We performed homozygosity mapping in five Sardinian and three Turkish families with Crisponi syndrome using high-density SNP arrays and identified a critical region on chromosome 19p12-13.1. The most prominent candidate gene was CRLF1, recently found to be involved in the pathogenesis of cold-induced sweating syndrome type 1 (CISS1). CISS1 belongs to a group of conditions with overlapping phenotypes, also including cold induced sweating syndrome type 2 (CISS2) and Stüve-Wiedemann syndrome (SWS). All these syndromes are caused by mutations of genes of the ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF)receptor pathway. Here we describe the identification of four different CRLF1 mutations in eight different Crisponi families, including a missense mutation, a single nucleotide insertion, a nonsense and an insertion/deletion (indel) mutation, all segregating with the disease trait in the families. Comparison of the mutation spectra of Crisponi syndrome and CISS1 suggests that neither the type nor location of the CRLF1 mutations point to a phenotype/genotype correlation that would account for the most severe phenotype in Crisponi syndrome. Other, still unknown molecular factors may be responsible for the variable phenotypic expression of the CRLF1 mutations. We suggest that the syndromes can comprise a family of “CNTF receptor-related disorders”, of which Crisponi syndrome would be the newest member and allelic to CISS1.

Item Type:Doctoral Thesis
Date:14 December 2007
Tutor:Cao, Antonio
PhD classes:Ciclo 20 > Terapia pediatrica e farmacologia dello sviluppo
Coordinator:Galanello, Renzo
Institution:Universita' degli Studi di Cagliari
Divisions:Dipartimenti (fino a dicembre 2011) > Dipartimento di Scienze biomediche e biotecnologie
Subjects:Area 06 - Scienze mediche > MED/03 Genetica medica
Uncontrolled Keywords:Crisponi syndrome, CRLF1, CISS1, CISS2, Stüve-Wiedemann syndrome
ID Code:74
Deposited On:29 Oct 2008 10:33

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