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Modeling and Performance Evaluation of MANET Handover

Leal Perdomo, Bernardo Alfonso (2012) Modeling and Performance Evaluation of MANET Handover. [Doctoral Thesis]

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Abstract

A Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET) is an unstructured collection of wireless nodes that move arbitrarily and use multi-hop protocols to communicate between each other. There is not a predefined infrastructure in a MANET as there is in other types of wireless networks. Now days, MANET networks integrate with other networks, like the Internet, permitting ad hoc nodes to communicate with hosts placed in any part of the world. But the integration of MANETs with fixed infrastructures must be carefully studied to evaluate how it performs. In such integrated scenario, commonly known as Hybrid Ad Hoc Network, a MANET can be seen as an extension to the existing infrastructure, whose mobile nodes seamlessly communicate with hosts on the fixed network by forwarding packets throughout the gateways found on the edge that join both types of network. Connecting MANETs to the Internet does not come without difficulties. Ad hoc routing protocols work different than the regular routing protocols used on the Internet, and their interoperability becomes an important issue. But when MANETs integrate with the Internet, a more demanding challenge emerges if node mobility is considered. A moving node may lose registration with its current gateway, and may then need to register to a different gateway (a handover) to continue communicating. During a handover, any ongoing communication will be interrupted affecting network performance. In order to improve this performance, an IP mobility management protocol must be used. The main objective of this research is to develop a model that may be used to evaluate the performance of MANET handovers under different scenarios. Different issues about MANET integration with the Internet are considered: the IP mobility protocol implemented, the external route computation procedure, the type of ad hoc routing protocol used, and the gateway discovery approach used. For this evaluation, a mobile node in a MANET holding a communication with a correspondent node in the Internet roams to a different sub-network, having to change its registration to a different gateway. The different scenarios considered to evaluate the handover performance include the use of different types of MANET protocols, the use of different gateway discovery approaches, and the use of different versions of the Mobile IP protocol. During the research a review was made of the functioning conditions for the proposed scenario. Then, a handover model was proposed, which was used to develop some metrics that were later used to evaluate the MANET handover performance. This metrics are the broken communication time, the probability of handover failure, and the average communication interruption time. In all the results found, we could confirm that the proactive discovery approach has a better handover performance than the reactive discovery approach, which permit us to conclude that regardless the MANET routing protocol, and the Mobile IP version, the proactive agent discovery approach should be used in highly mobile scenarios, preferable, with the reactive routing protocol.

Item Type:Doctoral Thesis
Date:20 March 2012
Tutor:Atzori, Luigi
PhD classes:Ciclo 23 > Ingegneria elettronica e informatica
Coordinator:Giua, Alessandro
Institution:Universita' degli Studi di Cagliari
Divisions:Dipartimenti (fino a dicembre 2011) > Dipartimento di Ingegneria elettrica ed elettronica
Subjects:Area 09 - Ingegneria industriale e dell'informazione > ING-INF/03 Telecomunicazioni
Uncontrolled Keywords:MANET, handover, gateway, Mobile IP
ID Code:718
Deposited On:23 Mar 2012 13:46

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