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Obsidian Economy in the Rio Saboccu Open-Air Early Neolithic Site (Sardinia, Italy)

Lugliè, Carlo - Le Bourdonnec, François-Xavier - Poupeau, Gérard - Congia, Consuelo - Calligaro, Thomas - Sanna, Ignazio - Dubernet, Stephan (2009) Obsidian Economy in the Rio Saboccu Open-Air Early Neolithic Site (Sardinia, Italy). In: Non-flint raw material use in prehistory. Old prejudices and new directions, Proceedings of the XVth UISPP Congress, 11 (Lisboa, September 4-9 2006). British Archaeological Reports - International Series (1939). Archaeopress, Oxford, pp. 203-215. ISBN 978 1 4073 0419 9

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Abstract

Integrated provenance/typo-technologic/chaînes opératoires studies on obsidians from Early Neolithic (EN) assemblages are still quite exceptional in the western Mediterranean region. The Rio Saboccu S1-S2 EN dwelling structures (Central-western Sardinia) 14C dated to the last three centuries of the VIth millennium BC provided us with an opportunity to apply such an approach. A comprehensive provenance study of its 1.114 obsidian artefacts was realized through a combined visual/instrumental approach. Elemental compositions were determined mostly by ion beam analysis (PIXE) and by electron microprobe (SEM-EDS). The S1-S2 structures are situated inside the so-called supply zone of the Monte Arci volcanic complex. A technological analysis of the implements revealed a non-opportunistic behaviour in relation to obsidian procurement among the four (SA, SB1, SB2, SC) Monte Arci types locally available in various contexts (from primary to secondary sources). A comparison with other Sardinian EN sites suggests that the human groups settled near the Monte Arci sources might have acted as a ‘filter’ in the first stages of the diffusion of obsidians in Sardinia and possibly elsewhere in the northern Tyrrhenian area.

Item Type:Book Section
Corporate Creators:Dipartimento di Scienze Archeologiche e Storico-Artistiche - Università di Cagliari
Publisher:Archaeopress
Date:2009
Institution:Universita' degli Studi di Cagliari
Divisions:Dipartimenti (fino a dicembre 2011) > Dipartimento di Scienze archeologiche e storico-artistiche
Subjects:Area 10 - Scienze dell'antichità, filologico-letterarie e storico-artistiche > L-ANT/01 Preistoria e protostoria
Uncontrolled Keywords:obsidian provenance, PIXE, Early Neolithic, Rio Saboccu, Sardinia
ID Code:497
Deposited On:10 May 2010 13:41

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