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Il mondo del lavoro a Taiwan. La nascita della classe operaia e la formazione del movimento dei lavoratori

Congiu, Francesca (2006) Il mondo del lavoro a Taiwan. La nascita della classe operaia e la formazione del movimento dei lavoratori. [Doctoral Thesis]

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Abstract

The thesis has been an historical reading of Taiwan industralization and of the formation of its labour movement. The research question was based on the evidence that the labour movement has been weak. The intention of the research was to understand why, by focusing the attention on the fragmentation of labour produced by the Taiwanese export oriented mode of industrialization. Taiwan’s capitalist industrialization can be examined through an historical approach of state–society relations under the Gramsci model of historical analysis expressed on Notebook 25 “On the Margins of History, History of the Subaltern Groups”. Gramsci assumed that labour history is a disaggregated function of civil society’s history and of its relation with the state. To interpret the history of Taiwan labour through this kind of approach, it is necessary, according to the model, to understand the pre-capitalist mentality and social dynamics characterised by the so called guanxi (informal social networks), a typical aspects of Confucian societies. Industrialization installed on the top of this pre-existing social base that became the foundation of Taiwanese labour-state-capital relations. Guanxi in Taiwanese capitalist industrial society create such a strong hegemonic alliance between state and capital that constrained labour in a cage, preventing any autonomous initiative and reaction of workers. Thus, the movement was born as a tool of party politics and was directed by both the ruling party (KMT) and the opposition party (DPP). As a conclusion, labour movement in Taiwan rather than being a workers’ way of affirming their interests, it has been a strategy of capital to affirm its hegemony.

Item Type:Doctoral Thesis
Date:15 December 2006
Tutor:Bottazzi, Emilio
PhD classes:Ciclo 19 > Storia, istituzioni e relazioni internazionali Asia e Africa
Institution:Universita' degli Studi di Cagliari
Divisions:Dipartimenti (fino a dicembre 2011) > Dipartimento Storico politico internazionale dell'età moderna e contemporanea
Subjects:Area 14 - Scienze politiche e sociali > SPS/14 Storia e istituzioni dell'Asia
Uncontrolled Keywords:Taiwan, Gramsci, politic, labour movement, industrialization
ID Code:188
Deposited On:07 Nov 2008 08:33

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